Aerated Concrete

Walls Made Of Aerated Concrete – Step By Step
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Easy to handle and resilient – aerated concrete is particularly suitable for interior walls. In these instructions you will find out which mortar you should use for bricklaying and how to use the stones correctly.

What is aerated concrete?

Aerated concrete is a porous, mineral building material made from cement, quartz sand or lime. The concrete is expanded to make it porous. The material is then cured with steam. The finished aerated concrete consists of 80% air pores and is therefore a very light material. Thanks to the many cavities in the plan stones, aerated concrete achieves a high level of thermal insulation, but offers comparatively little sound insulation. It is particularly suitable for bricking up interior walls. Aerated concrete can be built using the thin-bed method – a thin layer of mortar is sufficient – and is used primarily for partition walls in house construction.

How to build a wall made of aerated concrete in 6 steps

  1. Measure and prepare the substrate
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At a glance

  • Make an exact sketch of the building
  • Clean the surface
  • Draw the outline of the wall on the floor

That’s how it goes

First, create a true-to-scale sketch of the building project and plan enough space for doors. Before starting work, the surface must be clean and level. Therefore, clean the screed thoroughly with a wire brush. Before building the new masonry, remove carpets or other floor coverings. Then transfer the sketch and draw the outline of the wall precisely on the floor, walls and ceiling. Now the wall can start.

  1. Mix the mortar for the first layer of aerated concrete
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At a glance

  • Mix the mortar
  • Apply a layer of mortar

That’s how it goes

Place the first row of aerated concrete blocks in a bed of normal mortar to level out any unevenness in the floor. For aerated concrete, use only the types of mortar recommended by the manufacturer of the stones and mix them according to the instructions. Use a trowel to apply a sufficient layer of mortar to the edge of the wall.

  1. Place and connect aerated concrete end stones
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At a glance

  • Mix the thin bed mortar
  • Paint and insert the first stone
  • Set the end stone
  • Tighten the guide line

That’s how it goes

You use thin-bed mortar for the front sides of the bricks and the other layers. Again, you mix the mortar according to the instructions. Use a notched trowel to coat the top of the first stone with thin-bed mortar and pre-wet the underside. Now put the stone in the mortar bed and align it. If necessary, check the alignment of the brick with the spirit level and correct the position with a rubber mallet if necessary. Then you set the end stone at the other end of the planned masonry in the same way and stretch a guideline between the two stones that have already been set.

  1. Brick the lower layer of aerated concrete
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At a glance

  • Apply mortar bed
  • Mortar the joint on the end stones
  • Place further stones without joints
  • Check alignment and correct if necessary

That’s how it goes

Apply the mortar bed for the first row of aerated concrete blocks and mortar a butt joint on the first brick next to the two end stones. You place the remaining stones close to each other in the mortar bed without any joints and repeatedly check the correct alignment with the spirit level.

You can use a lightweight concrete saw to shape the required plan stones to the right size and shape with a rasp board. After completion, check the alignment of the row of stones again, make any corrections with the rubber mallet and remove dust from the masonry.

  1. Place the second layer of aerated concrete
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At a glance

  • Saw the stones for the second row
  • Place and grout end stones

That’s how it goes

So that there are no cross joints when building the wall, you saw the aerated concrete end stones for the second row. The guide value for the overbinding dimension is at least 0.4 x stone height. Apply the thin-bed mortar in a maximum of 2 mm thickness for a maximum of two to three plan stones in advance with a notched trowel.

Set the end stones and align them – if necessary, you can use a straight line again. For the two stones next to the end stones, mortar again a butt joint and place the remaining bricks close together in the thin-bed mortar. Pay attention to the correct alignment of the partition wall when building and correct individual stones if necessary.

  1. Secure aerated concrete blocks with wall anchors
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At a glance

  • Place more rows of stones
  • Use wall anchors or metal brackets
  • Mortar the connection joint

That’s how it goes

You wall the other layers as well as the second row. Note with the aerated concrete end stones that you always have to wall with offset. With every second to the fourth row of stones, you put wall anchors or metal brackets to give the partition wall additional stability and to prevent the existing masonry from being torn down. When the wall has been raised according to the instructions, fill the connection joint up to the ceiling with a normal mortar.

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